Schindler, C., Heral, E., Drinkwater, E., Timoshyna, A., Muir, G., Walter, S., Leaman, D.J. and Schippmann, U. 2022. 

Wild check – Assessing risks and opportunities of trade in wild plant ingredients. Rome, FAO.

Thousands of consumer products around the world contain ingredients obtained from wild plants. Wild harvest accounts for some or all the harvest of the great majority of plant species in trade (between 60-90 percent). Wild-harvested plants often come from the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth and many have been used traditionally or by local communities for generations. While these products have global markets and provide critical sources of income, they can also have deep ties to particular cultures and places. Demand for wild plant ingredients is growing rapidly, having grown by over 75 percent in value over the past two decades. Thousands of harvested species are at risk mainly from a combination of overharvest and habitat loss: of the 21 percent of medicinal and aromatic plant species whose threat status has been assessed, 9 percent are considered threatened with extinction. Despite their ubiquity, importance, and the threats facing them, wild plant ingredients are often obscured from consumers and escape companies’ due diligence due to a lack of awareness and traceability. Best practice standards exist but have yet to capture a significant portion of the market. This report aims to address these challenges by making information on a selection of ‘flagship’ wild plant ingredients, the Wild Dozen, readily available and easy to understand. By offering this information without obligation to a specific prescription for follow-up action (e.g. through certification or policy change), it is hoped that a wide range of users will access the report as a first step towards responsible sourcing. Along with a broader update on the state of wild plants trade, the report provides a ‘profile’ on each of the Wild Dozen species, summarising key facts on production and trade. Each profile contains a traffic-light risk rating on biological and social factors, along with an overview of opportunities for responsible sourcing. The information is aimed at industry, consumers, policy-makers, investors, and practitioners, concluding with a summary of what these various stakeholders can do to contribute to a sectoral shift towards responsible sourcing of wild plant ingredients.

Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of India

This book is the 8th volume of the popular series ‘Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the World’. Like the previous volumes, this volume is being introduced in a monographic format containing an extremely rich and diverse medicinal flora of India. Both well-known and somewhat still ignored species have been described in view of their traditional, present day and prospective uses. The scientific and technological achievements are also included aptly in this volume, together with a careful and critical consideration to our contemporary knowledge of this vast interdisciplinary domain with an Indian focus. In the era of global climate change and pandemics, building on the huge Indian traditions, this volume will make an important contribution to the better knowledge and understanding of MAPs. The Indian flora has always been recognized for its medicinal and aromatic plant values and this volume is explicitly focusing in that direction. With the rapidly expanding scope of natural nutraceuticals and herbal formulations, this book will be a fruitful acquisition for the interested readers globally.

Digital technologies are slowly spreading in agriculture sectors globally. But their adoption is hampered by the digital divide which requires significant public investments, improved policy and incentive frameworks to be bridged. Only after that, digital transformation will take place at scale. DAP is meant to assess the country's

readiness for this digital transformation by identifying main bottlenecks, opportunities and risks for digital transformation. DAP will thus guide public investment and policy work to accelerate the scaling up of digital transformation.


The most promising technologies for addressing agricultural issues include database analytics, mobile phones, blockchain, sensors, and internet of things.

The public sector has already laid a strong foundation for digital agriculture, and

additional opportunities exist in terms of building a digital workforce, promoting private

sector entrepreneurship, and partnering with international funders and research organizations


Digital Agriculture Profile of Turkey available for download at:



This volume, as the seventh of the series Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the World, deals with the medicinal and aromatic plant (MAPs) treasures of the so-called Southern Cone, the three southernmost countries (Argentina, Chile and Uruguay) of South America. Similarly to the previous volumes of the series, the main focus is to collect and provide information on major aspects of botany, traditional usage, chemistry, production / collection practices, trade and utilization of this specific group of plants. The contributors, who are recognized professionals and specialist of the domain, have collected and present state of the art information on 41 species. Most of these are not only of interest from the scientific point of view, but hold also a potential for the prospective utilization of the decreasing, occasionally overexploited / endangered medicinal plant resources of this huge continent. The book is expected to serve as a source of information also on some less known or less studied species. As such the volume is expected to support future research and public health professionals.




Kutaisi, Georgia, was home to over 1 000 producers of culinary herbs, and for one day last month it was home to more than 60 industry players who met for an international conference to discuss investment opportunities in the culinary herbs value chain.


Georgia has the ideal climate to produce a great variety of herbs – including dill, mint and parsley – as well as a long-standing growing tradition. Until now, the country’s exports of fresh herbs have been focused on the Russian market, but Georgia has a great opportunity to expand into the global market.

For details on the topic please read the FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia report at:


The literature on MAP production under Nordic environmental conditions has been enriched by two volumes:

1) Cultivation of Medicinal Plants in Finland, a new book (in Finish language) was published by MINERVA Publishers, Finland.

Author. Dr. Bertalan Galambosi, who has spent 30 years in Finland, and summarizes his experiences with MAP cultivation under the Nordic environmental conditions.


2) Cultivation of aromatic and medicinal plants under Nordic environmental conditions, in Russian.

Authors: GALAMBOSI, B., KIRAKOSYAN, G.M., LUSHANIN, V.G., FLISJUK, E.V., MAKAROV, V.G., POZHARITSKAYA, O. N., SHIKOV, A.N. 2017. Cultivation of aromatic and medicinal plants under Nordic climatic conditions. SpecLit Publ. St- Petersburg, 318 p. ISBN 978-5-299-00903-3.


Table of contents with the List of Plants:

 Information is available from the Author:

This volume is aimed at offering an insight into the present knowledge of the vast domain of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants with a focus on North America. In this era of global climate change the volume is meant to provide an important contribution to a better understanding of the diverse world of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant research, production and utilization.



Examining bilbery's potential for treating diabetes and coronary diseases

This is an interesting brochure authored by Professor Alban Ibraliu,

Anni Koci Kallfa and Frédéric Perron-Welch.


In a Biodiscovery Case they write the followings:

"Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), a species native to Europe and North America, is a perennial subshrub from the family ericaceae, subfamily vacciniaeae. According to germplasm documentation and to scientific studies, the bilberry is widely used to improve night vision and to decrease vascular permeability and capillary fragility; moreover, the berry has various other reputed health benefits, although most interest has been focused on anthocyanin-related antioxidant effects.

Antibacterial compounds from Vaccinium myrtillus may have important applications as natural antibacterial agents. furthermore, bilberry has antioxidant and anticancer properties and protects against coronary diseases. Bilberry has also been reported to have anti-obesity and hypoglycaemic effects, which would bring cardioprotective benefits. in Albania, bilberry has been used in traditional remedies as treatment for diabetes and coronary diseases. the Agricultural university of Tirana (Alb), among others, is currently undertaking research to assess and further develop the biodiscovery and product development potentials of these leads"

Medicinal Herbs: from Past Experience to New Technologies.

The International Scientific and Practical Conference took place at Poltava, 29-30.June 2020.

The proceedings are available of the conference have just been published and are

available at

To top

Welcome to the CBI Market Information Newsletter. Please find below an overview of the latest market research published on our website in the sector(s) of your interest.


Stay informed

If you want to be informed immediately about new publications, please make sure to subscribe to our RSS feed or follow us on Twitter. You can change your sector selection at any time.



Do you have questions about our market information? Or do you have other questions about exporting from developing countries to Europe? Feel free to contact us through

The Proceedings of the scientific conference:

Medicinal Herbs: from Past Experience to New Technologies

Proceedings of Seventh International Scientific and Practical Conference May, 30-31, 2019.

has just been published.

For the Table of contents pls visit the link above.




To top

WILD AT HOME: Exploring the Global Harvest, trade and Use of Wild Plant Ingredients



The new TRAFFIC study draws attention to the wild plant ingredients used in everyday products and the need for their traceable, sustainable and ethical sourcing and trade.


Wild at Home: An overview of the harvest and trade in wild plant ingredients, released to coincide with the beginning of FairWild Week 2018, demonstrates how sustainable wild plant harvesting can contribute to wider wildlife conservation goals and why global industry must adapt.


Read the report at:



To top

MESMAP-4 Abstracts

MESMAP-4 Abstract Book has been released to the official MESMAP-4 symposium website. It can be downloaded as pdf-file:


This is also to invite you to MESMAP-5 which will be held in April 2019, in Cappadocia-Turkey




Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew published the 2017 "State of the World’s Plants" report, providing an update on the 2016 baseline assessment of our current knowledge of the diversity of plants on earth, global threats, and policies dealing with them.



Kew Botanic Garden’s flagship publication: State of the World’s Plants 2017 ( , includes a chapter on nomenclature of medicinal plants, summarizing efforts to estimate the number of medicinal plants.


The publication can be downloaded at:

To top

Proceedings of 5th International Conference, in Poltava, Ukraina


Fireweed, roseroot, Bergenia and chokeberry – joint research for supporting the herb production.

Applied Research into Biologically Active components of Echinacea Moench species


МАТЕРИАЛЫ МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ НАУЧНО-ПРАКТИЧЕСКОЙ ИНТЕРНЕТ-КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ - Proceedings of the International Internet Conferences on Echinacea





Plants as Factories of Essential and Edible Oils (Máthé Á.)


Medicinal Plant Research and Utilization: Trends and Opportunities (Máthé Á.)


Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in China: Modern Experience for Growing (Tkatchienko K.)


Rhodiola in the European North (Galambosi B.)



South East European Herbal Sector: Overview (Dajic-Stevanovic Z.)


MAP_300yrs_St_Petersburg (Tkatchienko K.)


General Topics / Overviews

Adaptogen Plant Research and Utilization: Trends and Opportunities (Galambosi B.)


HERBAID Project (Máthé Á.)


Production of MAPs

Plastic Mulch Technologies (Kauppinen S.)



Important Guidelines on MAPs (Máthé Á.)


Good Collection Practice in Armenia (Ancient Herbals)



Report on the 7th CMAPSEEC (Dajic-Stevanovic Z.)


Report on the 8th CMAPSEEC (Dajic-Stevanovic Z.)


Report on the International Horticultural Congress - IHC 2014 (Máthé Á.)


Medicinal Plant Research and Utilization: Trends and Opportunities (Máthé Á.)


Adaptogen Plant Research and Utilization: Trends and Opportunities (Galambosi B.)


Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in St. Petersburg: History of 300 Years of Cultivation (Tkatchienko K.)


SPECICROP study trip in Altai 2014 (Galambosi B.)




International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research


On-line Library




IV МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ НАУЧНО-ПРАКТИЧЕСКОЙ КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ «Лекарственное растениеводство: от опыта прошлого до современных технологий»


Мульча из черной полиэтиленовой (Galambosi B.)





Bulletin 2014, No. 1.

IV International scientific and practical conference "Medicinal Herbs: from Past Experience to New Technologies" (copy 1)

International Society for Horticultural Science

List of Acta Horticulturae resulting from ISHS Section Medicinal and Aromatic Plants meetings


AncientHerbals® GUIDELINE on GOOD COLLECTION and PRODUCTION PRACTICE for Wild Crafted Herbals (inline with IFOAM and FairWild principals)


Non-wood news

JARMAP (Journal on Applied Research of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants)


FAO Resources

Health and wealth from medicinal aromatic plants (FAO, 2011)